influxctl database create

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The influxctl database create command creates a new database with a specified retention period in an InfluxDB cluster.

The retention period defines the maximum age of data retained in the database, based on the timestamp of the data. The retention period value is a time duration value made up of a numeric value plus a duration unit. For example, 30d means 30 days. A zero duration retention period is infinite and data will not expire. The retention period value cannot be negative or contain whitespace.

Valid durations units include
  • m: minute
  • h: hour
  • d: day
  • w: week
  • mo: month
  • y: year
Example retention period values
  • 0d: infinite/none
  • 3d: 3 days
  • 6w: 6 weeks
  • 1mo: 1 month (30 days)
  • 1y: 1 year
  • 30d30d: 60 days
  • 2.5d: 60 hours

Custom partitioning

You can override the default partition template (%Y-%m-%d) of the database with the --template-tag, --template-tag-bucket, and --template-timeformat flags when you create the database. Provide a time format using Rust strftime, partition by specific tag, or partition tag values into a specified number of “buckets.” Each of these can be used as part of the partition template. Be sure to follow partitioning best practices.

Always provide a time format when using custom partitioning

If defining a custom partition template for your database with any of the --template-* flags, always include the --template-timeformat flag with a time format to use in your partition template. Otherwise, InfluxDB omits time from the partition template and won’t compact partitions.


influxctl database create [flags] <DATABASE_NAME>


Argument Description
DATABASE_NAME InfluxDB database name


Flag Description
--retention-period Database retention period (default is 0s or infinite)
--max-tables Maximum tables per database (default is 500, 0 uses default)
--max-columns Maximum columns per table (default is 250, 0 uses default)
--template-tag Tag to add to partition template (can include multiple of this flag)
--template-tag-bucket Tag and number of buckets to partition tag values into separated by a comma–for example: tag1,100 (can include multiple of this flag)
--template-timeformat Timestamp format for partition template
-h --help Output command help


Create a database with an infinite retention period

influxctl database create mydb

Create a database with a 30-day retention period

influxctl database create \
  --retention-period 30d \

Create a database with non-default table and column limits

influxctl database create \
  --max-tables 200 \
  --max-columns 150 \

Create a database with a custom partition template

The following example creates a new mydb database and applies a partition template that partitions by two tags (room and sensor-type) and by week using the time format %Y wk:%W:

influxctl database create \
  --template-tag room \
  --template-tag sensor-type \
  --template-tag-bucket customerID,1000 \
  --template-timeformat '%Y wk:%W' \

For more information about custom partitioning, see Manage data partitioning.

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The future of Flux

Flux is going into maintenance mode. You can continue using it as you currently are without any changes to your code.

Flux is going into maintenance mode and will not be supported in InfluxDB 3.0. This was a decision based on the broad demand for SQL and the continued growth and adoption of InfluxQL. We are continuing to support Flux for users in 1.x and 2.x so you can continue using it with no changes to your code. If you are interested in transitioning to InfluxDB 3.0 and want to future-proof your code, we suggest using InfluxQL.

For information about the future of Flux, see the following: